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Thread: Canpbell Major 1888 21 Regiment Hanged Armagh.

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    Canpbell Major 1888 21 Regiment Hanged Armagh.

    Canpbell Major 1888 21 Regiment Hanged Armagh.
    The buildings and premises include three and a-half acres. Prisoners are received from the whole of Armagh, Cavan, and Monaghan, and from a portion of Down and a portion of Fermanagh.
    The last execution for murder was in 1876. In 1808 Major Alex. Campbell was hanged for killing a brother officer, Capt. Alexander Boyd, in a duel. Major Campbell was descended from an ancient Highland family, and had distinguished himself in Egypt, under Sir Ralf Abercrombie. He was transferred to the 21st Regiment from a Highland corps, and it is said that his promotion to a brevet majority gave offence to the senior
    117
    captain. The 21st Regiment was quartered at Newry. Major Campbell commanded at the half-yearly inspection. After dinner Captain Boyd, in the course of conversation, sneeringly remarked that Campbell had given an incorrect order on parade. Later in the evening, while the other officers were at the theatre, Campbell and Boyd continued to converse in bitter terms. At last, heated with wine and stung by the remarks of Boyd, Campbell went to his room and returned with loaded pistols. He sent for Capt. Boyd and, with closed doors, insisted on immediate "satisfaction." At the first fire Boyd was mortally wounded. He was removed to his own quarters. Campbell immediately followed, and found him supported in the arms of his grief-stricken wife and surrounded by his young family. Campbell begged him to acknowledge that all had been fair. " Yes," said Captain Boyd, "it was fair; but you are a bad man. You hurried me." Having gasped out the completion of the sentence, he expired. Major Campbell, after some time, gave himself up. He was tried, found guilty of murder, and sentenced to death by Judge Mayne. A great deal of sympathy was excited for him ; but, although respited, his friends were unable to save his life. At the execution, a company of his old regiment formed the gaol guard.

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    Senior Member TamDrummond's Avatar
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    I guess the Juge was a friend of the Captain in this case Joe.
    Yours Aye
    Tam .
    War does not decide who is right , only who is left.

    Tam Drummond
    Former Musician in the 1st Bn The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment )

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    Who knows Tam? 21 Regiment? any one know who they are?

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    Senior Member anneca's Avatar
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    Joe, Ross Davies’ Co. Down Northern Ireland Family History Research Site mentions the 21st Regiment of 1807 in Newry:

    Army units stationed in Newry 1803- 1819 according to marriages in Newry Church of Ireland Registers in LDS Library Film #259218 (Gordon Rose FTM 8/2005 p68)
    31st Regiment 1799
    6th Dragoons 1799
    30th Regiment of Foot 1802
    93rd Regiment of Foot 1803
    82nd Regiment 1802, 1803,1804
    Aberdeenshire Fencibles 1803
    18th Regiment 1803
    97th Regiment 1804- The Queens Regiment
    Kildare Militia 1804, 1805
    17th Light Dragoons 1805
    Royal Horse Artillery 1805
    Downshire Miltia 1805 , 1806 76th Regiment of Foot 1806
    8th Regiment 1807
    21st Regiment 1807
    Derry Militia 1807
    1st Royals 1807, 1808
    45th Regiment 1808
    74th Regiment 1809
    89th Regiment 1809
    59th Regiment 1810
    2nd Battalion, 61st Regiment 1811
    18th Royal Irish Regiment 1811
    7th Dragoons 1812 Northhampton Militia 1812
    23rd Dragoons 1814
    22 Regiment 1813
    5th Regiment 1813
    North York Militia1814
    79th Regiment of Foot 1815
    61st Regiment of Foot 1815
    93rd Regiment of Foot 1815
    51st Regiment of Foot 1816
    3rd Regiment 1819
    Buffs or 3rd Regiment 1819
    References; MSWAG p 40; POD; NS; V3 p 61-113; V 17 p 120, 129 & V 12 p 101 OSM; DR; OFN p ix, x, xi; PNNI V1 p 3,41; MO 5/8/2009 p6; DDPP p2;POD; LR 2011 p82

    Anne

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    Senior Member anneca's Avatar
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    This was such an interesting thread that I decided to research the trial. Below is a quote from The Newgate Calendar about the gentleman. If you read the entire (unedited) account you will find evidence that an acquittal was assumed to be likely by the court and the onlookers. The judge's instructions to the jury guided them in what was required to find the necessary extra-legal, extenuating circumstances that would excuse the duel if it was over "a point of honour." The judge specifically lectured on how the accused violated one of those requirements. The narrator's opinion that the execution was unjust comes through in his sympathetic description. Even the accused, poor Major Campbell, seems to have been stunned to have it all turn out so badly.

    [The Complete Newgate Calendar -Volume V
    ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, ESQ. Brevet-Major in the Army, and a Captain in the 21st Regiment of Foot. Executed 24th of August, 1808, at Armagh, in Ireland, for murdering a Brother Official, whom he killed in a Duel.

    ALEXANDER CAMPBELL was tried at the Armagh Assizes, 13th of August, 1808, for the wilful and felonious murder of Alexander Boyd, captain in the same regiment, by shooting him with a pistol bullet, on the 23rd of June, 1808, in the county of Armagh, in the kingdom of Ireland. This murder was committed in a duel.

    The first witness called was George Adams, who deposed that about nine in the evening of the 23rd of June he was sent for in great haste to the deceased, Captain Boyd, who had since died of a wound he had received by a pistol bullet, which had penetrated the extremity of the four false ribs and lodged in the cavity of the belly. This wound, he could take upon himself to say, was the cause of his death. He was sitting on a chair vomiting blood when witness was sent for, he lived about eighteen hours afterwards. Witness stayed with him till he died. He was in great pain, and tumbled and tossed about in the most extreme agitation. Witness conceived his wound to be mortal from the first moment he examined it. The witness then stated the circumstances which led to the duel.

    John Hoey, mess-waiter to the 21st Regiment, swore that he went with a message from Major Campbell to Captain Boyd, by means of which they met. Lieutenant Macpherson, surgeon, Nice, and others,proved the dying words of Captain Boyd. John Greenhill was produced to prove that Major Campbell had had time to cool after the altercation had taken place, inasmuch as he went home, drank tea with his family, and gave him a box to leave with Lieutenant Hall before the affair took place.

    The defence set up was merely as to the character of the prisoner for humanity, peaceful conduct and proper behaviour: to this several officers of the highest rank were produced, who vouched for it to the fullest extent-namely, Colonel Paterson, of the 21st Regiment, General Campbell, General Graham Stirling, Captain Macpherson, Captain Menzies, Colonel Gray, and many others. The learned judge, in his charge, briefly summed up the main points, and thus concluded: "If you are of opinion either that the provocation, which I have mentioned to you, was too slight to excite that violence of passion which the law requires for manslaughter, or that, be the passion and the provocation what it might, still that the prisoner had time to cool, and return to his reason - in either of these cases you are bound upon your oaths to find the prisoner guilty of murder. There is still another point for your serious consideration. It has been correctly stated to you by the counsel that there is a thing called the point of honour - a principle totally false in itself, and unrecognised both by law and morality, but which, from its practical importance and the mischief attending any dis-regard of it to the individual concerned, and particularly to a military individual, has usually been taken into consideration by juries, and admitted as a kind of extenuation. But in all such cases, gentlemen of the jury, there have been, and there must be, certain grounds for such indulgent consideration - such departure from the letter and spirit of the law. In the first place, the provocation must be great; in the second place, there must be a perfectly fair dealing - the contract, to oppose life to life, must be perfect on both sides, the consent of both must be full; neither of them must be forced into the field; and thirdly, there must be something of a necessity, a compulsion, to give and take the meeting; the consequence of refusing it being the loss of reputation, and there being no means of honourable reconciliation left.

    Let me not be mistaken on this serious point. I am not justifying duelling; I am only stating those circumstances of extenuation which are the only grounds that can justify a jury in dispensing with the letter of the law. You have to consider, therefore, gentlemen of the jury, whether this case has these circumstances of extenuation. You must here recall to your minds the words of the deceased Captain Boyd: "You have hurried me: I wanted you to wait and have friends. Campbell, you are a bad man." These words are very important, and if you deem them sufficiently proved they certainly do away with all extenuation. If you think them proved, the prisoner is most clearly guilty of murder."

    The jury then retired, and, after remaining about half an hour out of court, returned with their verdict - guilty of murder; but recommended him to mercy on the score of character only. Sentence of death was immediately passed on the unfortunate gentleman, and he was ordered for execution on the Monday; but, in consequence of the recommendation of the jury, was respited till the Wednesday night. In the meantime every effort was made by the friends of the unfortunate man to procure the Royal mercy.

    The respite expired on the 23rd of August, and an order was sent from Dublin Castle to Armagh for the execution of the unfortunate gentleman on the 24th. His deportment during the whole of the melancholy interval between his condemnation and the day of his execution was manly but penitent, and such as became a Christian towards his approaching dissolution. When he was informed that all efforts to procure a pardon had failed he was only anxious for the immediate execution of the sentence. He had repeatedly implored that he might be shot; but as this was not suitable to the forms of the common law his entreaties were of
    course without success.

    He was led out for execution on Wednesday, the 24th of August, just as the clock struck twelve. A vast crowd had collected around the scene of the catastrophe. He surveyed them a moment, then turned his head towards heaven with a look of prayer. As soon as he appeared, the whole of the attending guards, and such of the soldiery as were spectators, took off their caps ; upon which the Major saluted them in turn. This spectacle was truly distressing, and tears and shrieks burst from several parts of the crowd.

    When the executioner approached to fix the cord, Major Campbell again looked up to heaven. There was now the most profound silence. The executioner seemed paralysed whilst performing this last act of his duty. There was scarcely a dry eye out of so many thousands assembled. The crowd seemed thunderstruck when the unfortunate gentleman was at length turned off. After hanging the usual time the body was put into a hearse which was waiting.]

    Another entry from the Georgian Diaries of Dr Thomas Lucas of Stirling – January to December 1808):
    September 1st:
    News has arrived of the hanging of Major Campbell of Glenfalloch at Armagh for shooting Captain Boyd in a duel. This is the first execution for dueling.

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    Senior Member ronmarsden's Avatar
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    There was a Captain Alexander Cambell in the 42nd left the Regiment in 1807, I wonder if it is the same man?
    A footnote in Black Watch officers says see Blackwoods Magazine, 1946, page 328. Anyone have acsess to this?
    Ron.

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    Quote Originally Posted by anneca View Post
    Joe, Ross Davies’ Co. Down Northern Ireland Family History Research Site mentions the 21st Regiment of 1807 in Newry:

    Army units stationed in Newry 1803- 1819 according to marriages in Newry Church of Ireland Registers in LDS Library Film #259218 (Gordon Rose FTM 8/2005 p68)
    31st Regiment 1799
    6th Dragoons 1799
    30th Regiment of Foot 1802
    93rd Regiment of Foot 1803
    82nd Regiment 1802, 1803,1804
    Aberdeenshire Fencibles 1803
    18th Regiment 1803
    97th Regiment 1804- The Queens Regiment
    Kildare Militia 1804, 1805
    17th Light Dragoons 1805
    Royal Horse Artillery 1805
    Downshire Miltia 1805 , 1806 76th Regiment of Foot 1806
    8th Regiment 1807
    21st Regiment 1807
    Derry Militia 1807
    1st Royals 1807, 1808
    45th Regiment 1808
    74th Regiment 1809
    89th Regiment 1809
    59th Regiment 1810
    2nd Battalion, 61st Regiment 1811
    18th Royal Irish Regiment 1811
    7th Dragoons 1812 Northhampton Militia 1812
    23rd Dragoons 1814
    22 Regiment 1813
    5th Regiment 1813
    North York Militia1814
    79th Regiment of Foot 1815
    61st Regiment of Foot 1815
    93rd Regiment of Foot 1815
    51st Regiment of Foot 1816
    3rd Regiment 1819
    Buffs or 3rd Regiment 1819
    References; MSWAG p 40; POD; NS; V3 p 61-113; V 17 p 120, 129 & V 12 p 101 OSM; DR; OFN p ix, x, xi; PNNI V1 p 3,41; MO 5/8/2009 p6; DDPP p2;POD; LR 2011 p82

    Anne
    Thanks Anne
    So the 21st Regiment 1807
    Derry Militia 1807
    Any reference to where the body was buried? St Mark's is a short distance away as is Gough Bks
    Joe.
    Joe
    Last edited by ARMAGH; 10th May 2013 at 19:15.

  9. #9
    Senior Member anneca's Avatar
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    Joe, I haven't found any reference as to where he was buried. As I quoted in post No. 6, the Diaries of Dr Thomas Lucas stated he was from Glenfalloch, so is it possible he was buried there?
    Anne

    Quote Originally Posted by ARMAGH View Post
    Thanks Anne
    So the 21st Regiment 1807
    Derry Militia 1807
    Any reference to where the body was buried? St Mark's is a short distance away as is Gough Bks.
    Joe

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    Hi Joe, could the 21st Regiment you are looking at be one of our RHF antecedent regiments, 21st Earl of Mars' "Greybreeks"? Later to become the Royal Scots Fusiliers. Sadly, a lot of our early 'hard copy' manuscript and Regimental diaries for the 21st were lost in a fire at our HQ in Sauchiehall street a few years ago.

    Ronnie
    Nemo Nos Impune Lacesset

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